L’Empire assyrien est le premier empire universel connu de l’Antiquité.
À son apogée, son territoire s’étend de l’Iran occidental à la mer Méditerranée, de l’Anatolie au nord du désert syro-arabique. Mais la roche tarpéienne est proche du Capitole, et il disparut brusquement en 610 avant J.-C.
Reprenant le fil de l’histoire, Josette Elayi entreprend une vaste enquête sur cet empire oublié. La Bible disait du peuple assyrien qu’il était féroce et sans culture. Les découvertes faites depuis le XIXe siècle témoignent, au contraire, d’une civilisation fastueuse et éclairée : ce sont les Assyriens qui les premiers fondèrent de grandes bibliothèques, des parcs botaniques et zoologiques, et qui entreprirent des réformes sociales et religieuses. Cette dimension culturelle, comme un écho de leurs exploits militaires, demeure gravée dans les annales des rois soucieux de léguer à la postérité la gloire de leur règne.
Se fondant sur les dernières découvertes, Josette Elayi lève le voile sur l’une des plus grandes civilisations de l’Antiquité et revient sur les événements majeurs qui ont marqué son histoire, comme la destruction du royaume d’Israël ou de la fabuleuse Babylone, grande rivale de l’Assyrie.
Un ouvrage essentiel sur le Proche-Orient des VIIIe et VIIe siècles avant notre ère, appelé à devenir un classique.
The Assyrian Empire, History of a Great Civilization of Antiquity
Josette Elayi, Perrin Editions, Paris 2021
The Assyrian Empire is the first known universal empire of antiquity.
At its peak, its territory stretches from western Iran to the Mediterranean Sea, from Anatolia to the north of the Syrian-Arab desert. But the Tarpeian rock is close to the Capitol, and it disappeared abruptly in 610 BC.
Taking the thread of history, Josette Elayi undertakes a vast investigation into this forgotten empire. The Bible said of the Assyrian people that they were fierce and cultureless. On the contrary, the discoveries made since the 19th century bear witness to a lavish and enlightened civilization: it was the Assyrians who first founded large libraries, botanical and zoological parks, and who undertook social and religious reforms. This cultural dimension, as an echo of their military exploits, remains etched in the annals of kings anxious to bequeath to posterity the glory of their reign.
Based on the latest discoveries, Josette Elayi lifts the veil on one of the greatest civilizations of antiquity and looks back at the major events that marked its history, such as the destruction of the kingdom of Israel or the fabulous Babylon, great rival of Assyria.
An essential work on the Near East from the 8th and 7th centuries BC, set to become a classic.
A critical resource for students and scholars of the ancient Near East and the Bible
Josette Elayi’s Sennacherib, King of Assyria is the only biography of Sargon II’s famous son. Elayi traces the reign of Sennacherib in context in order to illuminate more fully the life and contributions of this warlord, builder, innovator, and social reformer—a unique figure among the Assyrian kings. Elayi offers both an evaluation of this royal figure and an assessment of the Assyrian Empire by interpreting the historical information surrounding the decisive events of his reign.
Features: • Exploration of why Sennacherib did not seize Jerusalem or remove Hezekiah from the throne • An extensive investigation of annals, royal inscriptions, letters, palace reliefs, clay tablets, and excavation reports • Maps and tables
Josette Elayi is honorary researcher at the French National Center for Scientific Research. She is the editor of Transeuphratene, editor of seventy books, and author of more than thirty books, including Sargon II, King of Assyria (2017).
Sargon II, King of Assyria
A critical resource that traces the reign of Sargon in context
Josette Elayi examines the life of warlord and megalomaniac, King Sargon II of Assyria. Elayi focuses on the political, economic, social, and military events that unfolded during his reign. This new biography of Sargon addresses important questions, including what was his precise role in the disappearance of the kingdom of Israel; how did Sargon II succeed in enlarging the borders of the Assyrian Empire by several successful campaigns; how did he organize his empire (administration, trade, agriculture, libraries), and what was the so-called sin of Sargon? Elayi masterfully draws together and evaluates the extensive, almost overburdening, amount of evidence from detailed annals, royal inscriptions on stone or metal, stelae and rock reliefs, palace reliefs, clay tablets, and excavations to produce a rich, complete biography that is sure to become an essential resource for students and scholars of the ancient Near East and Israel.
Publié dans Transeuphratène 49, 2017 et 50, 2018, dernier volume de la série.